forest governance https://www.fornis.net/taxonomy/term/391?content=All en Zimbabwe - Communicating forest governance for children in developing countries https://www.fornis.net/content/zimbabwe-communicating-forest-governance-children-developing-countries <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Zimbabwe - Communicating forest governance for children in developing countries</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>As we grapple with the scourge of climate change, world-wide forest destruction, plunder and droughts, our forests in the developing world are also not being spared. It is now time to have a paradigm shift and focus our attention more in capacitating and empowering our children for sustainable forest governance techniques, necessary for the future protection of the forests and trees in order to sustain their lives. (News date 27/11/2017)</p> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/281" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">rprueller</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 12/06/2017 - 13:42</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-contactinfo field--type-text-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Contact info</div> <div class="field__item"><p><a href="https://www.newsday.co.zw/2017/11/communicating-forest-governance-children-developing-countries/ ">https://www.newsday.co.zw/2017/11/communicating-forest-governance-children-developing-countries/ </a></p> </div> </div> <a href="/taxonomy/term/6" hreflang="en">Forest Policy and Governance</a> <a href="/taxonomy/term/391" hreflang="en">forest governance</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/803" hreflang="en">Zimbabwe</a> Wed, 06 Dec 2017 13:42:01 +0000 rprueller 731 at https://www.fornis.net Fractured tenure, unaccountable authority and benefit capture: constraints to community benefit under climate change https://www.fornis.net/node/461 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Fractured tenure, unaccountable authority and benefit capture: constraints to community benefit under climate change </span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Description</div> <div class="field__item"><p> The debate on climate change and ecosystem services has grown substantially over the past two decades.  The post-Kyoto protocol period particularly has witnessed increased formulation of financial mechanisms to compensate for green efforts towards carbon sequestration and reduction in deforestation.  In most cases, communities substantially depend on forests for their livelihoods or their actions have a direct bearing on the sustainability of the forests.  Will the economic incentives from emerging initiatives offer new sources of income to support rural livelihoods and reduce poverty?  There is ome doubt about this potential, because there is enormous evidence across the world to show that forest exploitation and use has not substantially benefited local people and Ghana is no exception.  This paper draws on existing evidence in Ghana to show that the lack of secure community tenure rights and the dominance of unaccountable authority - which leads to benefit capture by local elites - are critical constraints to equitable forest benefit sharing.  Building on the evidence, this paper argues that unless these issues are addressed in policy and practive, the potential economic benefits from the various emerging mechanisms under climate change and ecosystem services may not benefit local people; they may even reinforce the gap between the rich and the poor. </p> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 07/16/2012 - 07:03</span> <div class="field field--name-upload field--type-file field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><table data-striping="1"> <thead> <tr> <th>Attachment</th> <th>Size</th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr class="odd"> <td> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://www.fornis.net/sites/default/files/documents/marfo%20et%20al.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=382815">marfo et al.pdf</a></span> </td> <td>373.84 KB</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </div> <a href="/taxonomy/term/6" hreflang="en">Forest Policy and Governance</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/5" hreflang="en">Forests and Climate Change</a> <a href="/taxonomy/term/472" hreflang="en">forest tenure</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/391" hreflang="en">forest governance</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/471" hreflang="en">climate changes</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/348" hreflang="en">benefit sharing</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/473" hreflang="en">accountability</a> Mon, 16 Jul 2012 07:03:26 +0000 Anonymous 461 at https://www.fornis.net The democracy effects of collaborative forest governance in Ghana: lessons for REDD https://www.fornis.net/node/436 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The democracy effects of collaborative forest governance in Ghana: lessons for REDD</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p> This is part of a regional forest governance research programme, being implemented by CODESRIA, University of Illinois and IUCN titled 'Responsive Forest Governance Initiative'. in Ghana, the research is broadly investigating issues of democratic representation, citizenship and public domain as elements of democracy focusing on the extent to which collaborative forest management and participatory decision-making approaches produce democracy outcomes among rural communities. </p> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 06/27/2012 - 09:25</span> <div class="field field--name-field-resp field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Responsible party</div> <div class="field__item">CSIR Forestry Research Institute of Ghana</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-fund field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Funding bodies</div> <div class="field__item">Swedish International Development Agency</div> </div> <a href="/taxonomy/term/6" hreflang="en">Forest Policy and Governance</a> <a href="/taxonomy/term/259" hreflang="en">redd</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/89" hreflang="en">ghana</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/391" hreflang="en">forest governance</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/450" hreflang="en">democratic representation</a> Wed, 27 Jun 2012 09:25:03 +0000 Anonymous 436 at https://www.fornis.net The impact of tree tenure and access on chainsaw milling in Ghana https://www.fornis.net/node/312 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The impact of tree tenure and access on chainsaw milling in Ghana</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Description</div> <div class="field__item"><p> Chainsaw milling in Ghana has been banned and criminalized since 1998. However, the implementation of the ban has been very difficult and largely unsuccessful. One of the several reasons that have been identified to explain the continuation and expansion of the activity is the lack of clarity over forest and tree tenure, particularly tenure of trees on farms. This has resulted in strong support of some local communities for ‘illegal’ chainsaw operations. Even though forest and tree tenure and access rights have been identified as contributing to ‘illegal’ chainsawing, the connection between tenure and ‘illegal’ chainsawing has not been systematically assessed. The paper presents results from a study that sought to understand the extent to which tree tenure and access impact or influence chainsaw milling. Results of the study indicate that community resentment of the current system of timber tree tenure is a factor that facilitates the acceptance of chainsaw operators in the communities they operate. Indeed, the farmer plays an important role in facilitating access to timber trees by ‘illegal’ chainsaw operators. Enforcement of the ban on chainsaw lumber production and sale and the restrictive forest and tree tenure arrangement in Ghana are major factors that limit the accessibility of chainsaw operators to timber trees. The paper contends that forest management systems, which are deliberately designed to sustain and develop the value of forests for people living near them, will gain support for long-term, sustainable management. This will require security of access to forest resources, local incentives to protect the forest and its timber resources and the involvement of local communities in forest management.</p> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">sbritwum</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 05/30/2011 - 18:18</span> <div class="field field--name-field-resp field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Responsible party</div> <div class="field__item">Forestry Research Institute of Ghana</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-fund field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Funding bodies</div> <div class="field__item">European Union</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-upload field--type-file field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><table data-striping="1"> <thead> <tr> <th>Attachment</th> <th>Size</th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr class="odd"> <td> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://www.fornis.net/sites/default/files/documents/tree_tenure.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=218818">tree_tenure.pdf</a></span> </td> <td>213.69 KB</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </div> <a href="/taxonomy/term/6" hreflang="en">Forest Policy and Governance</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/5" hreflang="en">Forests and Climate Change</a> <a href="/taxonomy/term/380" hreflang="en">chainsaw milling</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/391" hreflang="en">forest governance</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/402" hreflang="en">forest and tree tenure</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/403" hreflang="en">access rights</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/404" hreflang="en">livelihoods</a> Mon, 30 May 2011 18:18:44 +0000 sbritwum 312 at https://www.fornis.net Socio-economic contribution of illegal chainsaw milling to the Ghanaian rural economy https://www.fornis.net/node/310 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Socio-economic contribution of illegal chainsaw milling to the Ghanaian rural economy</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Description</div> <div class="field__item"><p> The search for viable alternatives to illegal chainsaw milling in Ghana requires an understanding of the anthropogenic factors in the rural economy that promotes the practice. This paper investigated the<br /> benefits of the practice to the rural economy of Ghana. Data was obtained from survey conducted on 102 chainsaw lumber stakeholders using questionnaire across 8 forest districts in southern Ghana and analyzed descriptively. Results showed that the practice contributes to the provision of employment, Community infrastructure among others. More than 50% of chainsaw operators earned up to 97% of their household income from the practice, and thus considered it as the best alternative to agricultural income. Farmers, land owners and traditional authorities received eight categories of informal payments from chainsaw operations. These included payments from sale of trees, commission on trees scouted for logging and compensation for crop damages on farmlands during logging. Also, taxes were paid at community barriers to enable passage of processed lumber to the market. Illegal chainsaw milling was found to be lucrative. This coupled with operators conniving with rural communities and the limited supply of sawmill lumber to the domestic market poses major challenges to eliminating the practice. To minimize the chainsaw menace to curtail revenue loss to the state, sustain livelihoods and forest resources, there is need to provide fiscal incentives to encourage regular mills to supply adequate lumber to the domestic market. Rural youth must be supported to establish commercial short rotation timber and fuelwood plantations. Also, equitable distribution of tree benefits to resource owners especially farmers must be ensured.</p> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">sbritwum</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 05/30/2011 - 18:05</span> <div class="field field--name-field-resp field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Responsible party</div> <div class="field__item">Forestry Research Institute of Ghana</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-upload field--type-file field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><table data-striping="1"> <thead> <tr> <th>Attachment</th> <th>Size</th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr class="odd"> <td> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://www.fornis.net/sites/default/files/documents/illegal_milling.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=1442870">illegal_milling.pdf</a></span> </td> <td>1.38 MB</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </div> <a href="/taxonomy/term/6" hreflang="en">Forest Policy and Governance</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/5" hreflang="en">Forests and Climate Change</a> <a href="/taxonomy/term/394" hreflang="en">forest crimes</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/318" hreflang="en">illegal logging</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/391" hreflang="en">forest governance</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/395" hreflang="en">ghana domestic timber market</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/396" hreflang="en">inequitable benefit sharing</a> Mon, 30 May 2011 18:05:34 +0000 sbritwum 310 at https://www.fornis.net Socio-political constraints to the enforcement of forest laws: a case study of chainsaw operations in Ghana https://www.fornis.net/node/309 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Socio-political constraints to the enforcement of forest laws: a case study of chainsaw operations in Ghana</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Description</div> <div class="field__item"><p> Forest law enforcement is difficult in weak nations like Ghana in the face of conflicting interests and competing claims to forest resources. One area of interest in Ghana is the enforcement of a ban on chainsaw operation. Since 1998, chainsaw milling is legally prohibited in Ghana. However, today, there is enormous evidence to show that the practice is on the increase, exploiting about 2.5 million cubic meters of trees annually and employing about 100,000 people. This high level of illegality presents a big challenge to implementation of Ghana’s Voluntary Partnership Agreement with the European Union (EU) and also to Ghana’s REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation)-plus agenda. The paper explores the socio-political constraints facing law enforcement agencies in enforcing the ban. It observes that high levels of rural unemployment, corruption among law enforcement agencies including the Forest Services Division (FSD) and the police, low political motivation and high elite influence in the forestry sector are some of the socio-political factors constraining effective enforcement. Notwithstanding, the practice seems to be well accepted and more than half of forestry officials at the operational level feel that the ban should be reviewed.</p> </div> </div> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/3" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">sbritwum</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 05/30/2011 - 17:54</span> <div class="field field--name-field-resp field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Responsible party</div> <div class="field__item">Forestry Research Institute of Ghana</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-fund field--type-string-long field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Funding bodies</div> <div class="field__item">European Union</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-upload field--type-file field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item"><table data-striping="1"> <thead> <tr> <th>Attachment</th> <th>Size</th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr class="odd"> <td> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://www.fornis.net/sites/default/files/documents/forest_laws.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=1041947">forest_laws.pdf</a></span> </td> <td>1017.53 KB</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </div> <a href="/taxonomy/term/6" hreflang="en">Forest Policy and Governance</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/5" hreflang="en">Forests and Climate Change</a> <a href="/taxonomy/term/391" hreflang="en">forest governance</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/392" hreflang="en">corruption</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/393" hreflang="en">law enforcement</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/380" hreflang="en">chainsaw milling</a> / <a href="/taxonomy/term/89" hreflang="en">ghana</a> Mon, 30 May 2011 17:54:47 +0000 sbritwum 309 at https://www.fornis.net